Perek Summaries

Perek 1: Achazyoh fell through the lattice and became ill; he sent messengers to ask Baalzevuv- a Pilishti idol whether he would recover from his illness. Eliyohu conversed with the messengers and gave them a message to relay to Achazyoh. They passed on the message to the King that “is there no Jewish G-d that you have to go to Pilishti one?” and due to this he would die. Achazyoh understood it was Eliyohu and sent a captain with 50 men to capture him. Eliyohu caused a fire to descend and consume the men, this occurred twice. On the third occasion, the captain pleaded that his life should be saved, subsequently an angel assured Eliyohu that he should go with the men and he would not be harmed. Eliyohu repeated his message directly to King Achazyoh and he died, his brother Yehorom ruled in his stead (Achazyoh had no children).

Perek 2:Hashem took Eliyohu to heaven in a storm and went with Elisha from Gilgol. On several occasions, Eliyohu requested that Elisha remain there, but Elisha insisted on following his mentor. Eliyohu took his cloak and hit the water of the River Yarden, this caused it to split miraculously and they crossed over. Elisha requested that he should have twice the level of prophecy (Rashi) and Eliyohu complied. A horse and chariot of fire divided Eliyohu and Elisha, Eliyohu disappeared in the storm and Elisha searched anxiously for his teacher. Elisha took Eliyohu’s cloak and split the river again and returned back over the Yarden. Elisha gathered the 50 prophets and asked for assistance in looking for Eliyohu, they tried for 3 days without success. The inhabitants of Yericho asked Elisha to cure their water which caused fatalities and Elisha fixed the water. At Beis El 42 young men taunted Eliyohu and called him “baldy”, they were mauled to death by 2 bears. Eliyohu eventually returned to the Shomron.

Perek 3: Yehorom ruled over Israel for 12 years and did not deviate from the sins of Yerovom.  King Meysha of Moav was under the rule of Yehorom and rebelled. Yehorom united with King Yehoshofot of Yehuda and the King of Edom to defend themselves in war. The three Kings took the route of the desert, but after 7 days ran out of basic supplies of food and water. Yehoshofot suggested that they speak to a Novi and Elisha was beckoned. Elisha told Yehorom to speak to his parents’ prophets and that he was only going to respond as he was in Yehoshofot’s presence. He summoned a musician to play for him and he prophesied. Hashem told him that in the valley they should make several pools of water and they will be successful against Moav. When a Mincha offering was sacrificed, there was an abundant supply of water.  The Moavites perceived the water as blood and assumed the Jews had been massacred overnight. They entered the camps to take the spoils and were greeted by armed Jewish warriors who destroyed the Moavite cities. King Meysha attempted to attack the King of Edom with 700 swordsmen, but failed and even offered up his son as a burnt offering. Israel returned to their camps.

Perek 4: A woman despaired that her husband and source of income died and their creditor demanded her two sons as slaves. Elisha inquired as to what she had left; only one jar of oil remained. Elisha instructed her to borrow vessels from her neighbours. A miracle occurred she filled the vessels continuously and the original jug did not empty until all the containers were filled with oil. Elisha advised her to sell the oil and repay her creditor. Another woman in Shuneim always offered Elisha a meal when he visited the vicinity and she designated a room for him to stay. Elisha instructed his assistant Geichazi to ask if she wanted anything in return, she refused. Geichazi informed Elisha that the woman had no child; Elisha beckoned her and promised her that she would have a child in a year and the following year she had a child. One day, this child complained that his head hurt and then died in his mother’s arms. She told no one about this and rode on a donkey to Elisha and told him what had occurred. Elisha summoned Geichazi to go directly to the dead child and not respond to anyone on the way and place a staff over the boy. Geichazi did, but nothing happened; Elisha came and stretched out over him and brought him miraculously back to life. Elisha’s students scouted the land for food during the famine, one found some wild vegetation and put it into the stew. They realised that it was poisonous, Elisha told them to add some flour and the stew became harmless. A man brought 20 loaves of bread for Elisha’s brigade and they devoured part of it, but left some over, like the word of Hashem.

Perek 5: Naamon the Head of the Aramean Army was a leper. In battle he captured a Jewish maid; she advised him to see Elisha for advice. The King of Aram agreed to this and sent the King Yehorom of Yisrael a great sum of money and a letter. Yehorom feared that if Elisha failed to cure the disease, Aram would retaliate (Metzudos).  Elisha told the King not to worry, as he would cure Naamon. Naamon approached Elisha and Elisha sent his messenger to tell Naamon to come to him and then instructed him to bathe in the River Yarden. Naamon was enraged and protested “are our rivers not better than all of the ones in Israel”.  Naamon’s servants urged him to follow Elisha’s advice and he immersed himself in the Yarden and was completely cured. Naamon was overwhelmed by this, he praised Hashem and offered Elisha a gift, but Elisha refused to accept it.  Naamon decided to cease all idolatry excluding the unavoidable bowing with the King in the ‘House of Rimon’. Geichazi felt that Elisha should have accepted Naamon’s gift and chased after Naamon and requested  a talent of silver and a change of clothing for ‘2 guests’. He gave him double this. Geichazi hid this in his tent. Elisha scolded Geichazi for taking the present and punished him that he and his offspring would always have leprosy.

Perek 6: Some of Elisha’s students wanted to relocate to a more spacious area and asked Elisha to accompany them and he complied. They were chopping down trees with axes at the Yarden and someone’s axe head fell into the water and the axe head was borrowed. Elisha cut a piece of wood and threw it into the water and the axe head rose up until the man grasped hold of it. The King of Aram prepared an ambush against Israel, but Elisha warned King Yehorom where the ambushes were and the army avoided those locations. The King of Aram was told by his servants that Elisha was the one who disclosed their ambush and he dispatched a large mighty army to capture Elisha. Elisha prayed to Hashem that his pupils should witness the ‘heavenly army’ and the enemy should be blinded. Elisha guided the army to the Shomron and then the army regained their sight. Yehorom offered to strike down the army, Elisha refused and ordered that they should be given food and drink. King Ben Hadad of Aram besieged the Shomron which triggered a major famine. During this famine,  a woman called out to Yehorom and mourned that she made a deal with another woman that today they would eat her son and the following day they would eat the other one’s son. On the first day they ate the first woman’s son, but then the other woman hid her son. Yehorom tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and vowed to execute Elisha. Hashem informed Elisha of the plot and Elisha ordered his men to keep Yehorom’s messengers away (Radak).

Perek 7: Elisha prophesied that the food prices would fall rapidly. One of the generals dismissed this and argued that it was impossible; Elisha retorted that he would “see it, but not eat from it”. Four men with leprosy decided to venture out of the city at twilight and they found that the Aramean camp was deserted. When Yehorom heard about this he initially believed it was a trick. He sent two horseman to examine the camp and they found the camp empty with abandoned food and clothing. The people plundered the Aramean camp and the food prices declined, meanwhile the general was on guard at the gate. He was trampled to death by the stampede of people trying to get food.

Perek 8: Elisha told the woman from Shuneim (the one who’s son he brought back to life) that there would be a famine for 7 years and therefore she should travel elsewhere; she went to live with the Pilishtim for 7 years. Yehoram asked Geichazi to tell the story about how Elisha revived the boy. The woman returned to Israel and came to the King to claim her land back. She verified the story and Yehorom ordered that all her previous land be returned to her. Ben Hadad, King of Aram was very ill, he told his servant Chazoel to ask Elisha whether he would survive. Elisha replied that he would indeed not die from this illness. Elisha forsaw that he would die of another cause and then Elisha wept. Chazoel inquired why Elisha was crying, Elisha responded that he foresaw that Chazoel would become King and would be extremely savage towards the Jewish people and murder women and children in a brutal manner. Chazoel  went back and covered the King with a wet pillow to cool his high fever, although his real intention was to suffocate him or give him a chill (Radak). Thus the King died and Chazoel became King of Aram. Yehorom (son of Yehoshofot) was King of Yehuda (Not to be confused with Yehorom King of Yisroel) for 8 years, but did not follow in the ways of the Torah and Edom continuously rebelled. He was replaced by his son, Achazyoh who was King for merely a year and similarly did not behave righteously. Achazyoh went to visit Yehorom King of Yisroel who was ill with battle wounds from the Arameans.

Perek 9: Elisha told one of his disciples to anoint Yeihu as King of Yisrael in secret and then flee. After he anointed Yeihu, he relayed the message to Yeihu that he should massacre Achov, his offspring and possessions. When the people heard what Elisha’s student told Yeihu, they proclaimed Yeihu as their new King and blew Shofros. Yeihu rode to Yehorom who was recovering from his battle wounds against Aram. Yeihu ignored Yehorom’s men when they asked whether he was coming in peace and struck Yehorom between the shoulder blades with an arrow and killed him. Yeihu instructed his captain, Bidkar to cast Yehorom’s carcass into the field of Novos. When Achazyoh found about this, he fled, but Yeihu pursued after him and killed him. Izeivel was the next target and tried to adorn herself with makeup in order to try seduce Yeihu (Rashi). Yeihu asked amongst her servants who would support him and then instructed them to throw Izevel out of the window and she died. They celebrated her death and when they attempted to bury her only some of the skull, feet and hands remained as had been prophesied.

Perek 10:Yeihu sent a scroll to the elder officials of Achov’s 70 sons demanding that if they want to remain alive, they must bring all of Achov’s male children to Yizreel. They slaughtered them and sent their heads to Yeihu and piled them at the gateway. Yeihu praised them for being righteous and going beyond the requirement. Yeihu killed the remaining members of Achov’s family until no survivor remained. Yeihu encountered 42 relatives of Achazyoh and obliterated them and all the remaining descendants of Achov. Yeihu and Yehonodov travelled together in the chariot to show him how he had indeed destroyed the entire family of Yehorom. Yeihu pretended that he would offer up an offering to the Baal and demanded all the ‘false Baal Prophets’ would be there or they would be killed. After the idolatrous service, Yeihu gave the order to kill all the Baal priests and to eradicate the Baal Temple. He was a righteous King, but did not get rid of the idolatry of Yerovom; Hashem promised Yeihu that for four generations his descendants would be King. However, Yeihu deviated from the ways of the Torah and therefore Chazoel King of Yisrael attacked them repeatedly. Yeihu ruled for 28 years and his successor was his son, Yehoochoz.

Perek 11: Asalyoh the mother of Achazyoh heard that her son died and wiped out his descendants so she could rule in his stead. Nevertheless, Achazyoh’s sister concealed Yoash son of Achazyoh for 6 years. Consequently, Yehoyodoh assembled an army and delegated different roles: a third outside the King’s palace, another third at the ‘Gate Sur’ in the east and the final third at another gate in the south. He armed the troops, crowned Yoash publically and proclaimed him as King. Asalyoh saw this; she tore her garments and announced that this was a rebellion. They seized her and took her outside the Beis Hamikdosh and killed her. Yehoyodoh made a covenant between the King and the people to serve Hashem. They destroyed a lot of idolatry including: the Temple of the Baal, its’ altars, sculptures and priest, Matton. Yoash began his rule and took control; the people celebrated and there was tranquillity in the land.

Perek 12: Yehoash (not to be confused with the King of Yisroel, Yoash) aged 7, ruled over Yehuda for 40 years and followed in the ways of Hashem. Yehoash decided that any donations to the Beis Hamikdosh should be used for repairs and not for personal use. Yehoyodoh the Kohen made a sealed box with a small hole where people should put their money and then the Kohen Godol with the King’s scribe would count the money. They used this money to pay for the labourers and for raw materials- e.g. stone, but not for musical instruments, basins or implements of gold and silver.  The payment to the workers was not done through accounting, as the workers were honest. Any leftover money from sacrifices would go to the Kohanim. Chazoel, King of Aram invaded Gas and planned to conquer Israel, Yehoash bribed him with valuables from the treasury of the Beis Hamikdosh and Chazoel retreated. Yehoash was assassinated by his servants and he was buried in Ir Dovid and Amatzyoh his son ruled over Yehuda.

Perek 13: Meanwhile, Yehoachoz son of Yeihu ruled over Yisroel for 17 years, but did not follow in the ways of Hashem as he did not deviate from the evil ways of Yerovom. Subsequently, Hashem delivered the Jewish people into the hands of Chazoel, King of Aram. They were saved by Yoash who ruled instead of his ill father Yehoachoz for two year (Radak).  Yoash eventually became King of Yisroel himself and ruled for 16 years; his son Yerovom ruled in his stead. Elisha became deathly ill and told Yoash to fire an arrow to the east and then strike arrows into the ground. Yoash shot 3 arrows into the ground, Elisha criticised him that had he shot more times, he would have utterly obliterated Aram. Elisha died. There were some Jews burying a dead body, when the Moavite army entered Israel. They cast the body onto Elisha’s grave and the dead man came back to life. Chazoel oppressed Yisroel, nevertheless Hashem displayed mercy towards the Jewish people and did not destroy them. Yehoash attacked Aram thrice and regained lost land (this was the fulfilment of Elisha’s prophecy).

Perek 14: Amatzyoh the son of Yoash became King of Yehuda and ruled aged 25 for 29 years. Like his father, he did not set up idolatry, but some did continue to offer sacrifices to idols. He killed the assassins of his father, but kept their offspring alive. Amatzyoh was victorious in battle against Edom and captured and seized a fortress which he named Yokseil. Amatzyoh sent messengers to Yehoash and tried to wage war between Yehuda and Yisrael. Yehoash accused Amatzyoh of being arrogant and warned Amatzyoh he would be defeated by them.  Nevertheless, Amatzyoh inititated war against Yisroel and was defeated; Yehoash took the valuables from the Beis Hamikdosh and captives. Yehoash died and his son, Yerovom ruled in his stead. Amatzyoh was killed by a conspiracy and his 16 year old son, Azariyoh became King of Yehuda and he developed the war torn Eilas (Radak). Yerovom ruled for 41 years, but did not change from the sinful activity of his namesake Yerovom ben Nevot. He regained land that had been conquered by the Arameans (Rashi) which was a fulfilment of the prophet Yonah’s prophecy, due to Israel’s suffering. When he died, his son Zechariah ruled over Yisrael.

Perek 15: Azariyoh reign was for 52 years and followed in the way of Hashem, but like his father did not eradicate Yerovom’s idols. Therefore, Hashem made Azariyoh a leper till his death and had to live in isolation; his son Yosom ruled in his stead. Zechariah, King of Yisrael for 6 months, did not follow in the ways of the Torah, as he did not stop Yerovom’s idolatry. He was assassinated by Shalum in public and Shalum seized his position. Thus, the prophecy was fulfilled that 4 generations of Yeihu would rule. After one month Shalum was murdered by Menachem who became King. He attacked Tifsach (an Aramean city) brutally and tore apart pregnant women and was an evil King. Menachem gave Phul, King of Ashur 1,000 talents of silver and raised this money through tax collections in order to prevent Ashur attacking. After Menachem passed away, his son Pekachyoh ruled over Yisrael and also did not follow in the ways of Hashem. His captain Pekach conspired against him and killed him; he was also an evil King. During this time, Ashur conquered many places in Yisrael and took the inhabitants as slaves. Hoshea struck Pekach and reigned over Yisrael. Yosom, King of Yehuda was 25 when he became King and he ruled for 16 years. He was a righteous King, despite the fact that some idolatry did continue. When he died, his son Achoz ruled in his stead.

Perek 16: Achoz, aged 20 reigned for 16 years and did not follow in the way of Hashem and even served the Molech (idol which was served by burning one’s children). Retzin, King of Aram coordinated with Pekach, king of Yisrael to attack Yehuda fruitlessly. Retzin regained Eilas and drove out all the Jewish inhabitants and then Edom dwelt there.  Achoz bribed Tiglas-Pelesser, King of Ashur with all the valuables from the Beis Hamikdosh treasury to protect them from Yisrael and Aram. Ashur agreed to this and captured Dameshek (capital of Aram), exiled its’ citizens and murdered Retzin. King Achoz sent a design and plan of the altar in Dameshek, when this was built by Uriyoh the Kohen, King Achoz offered up sacrifices on it. King Achoz demanded that the daily sacrifices be offered on his altar, rather than the proper one and Uriyoh complied. Achoz also changed some features of the Beis Hamikdosh including the kiyor (basin) without justification. After Achoz’s death, his son, Chizkiyoh ruled over Yehuda.

Perek 17: Hoshea was the last King of Yisrael and he ruled for 9 years. Shalmanesser, King of Ashur waged war on Yisrael; Hoshea made a peace agreement whereby they would pay Ashur tax. Hoshea did not pay the tax and attempted to rebel with the help of Egypt; Ashur invaded and besieged Yehuda for 3 years, furthermore Hoshea was arrested and the Jewish people were exiled.  These tribes integrated amongst their various nations and served idols including the Molech and were stubborn towards prophets in their refusal to keep the Torah. These are known today as the ‘10 lost tribes’ who we have practically lost all trace of. Hashem was enraged with Yisrael and rejected them and caused them difficulties with plunderers and backed only Yehuda who weren’t perfect either. Ashur relocated some Jews to the Shomron and they did not fear Hashem at all, subsequently Hashem sent lions which killed many of them. The King of Ashur insisted that Kohanim be brought to teach Torah to the Jews. Jews were dispersed into many cities and each one served different idols, despite the fact they feared Hashem and thus broke their covenant with Hashem to abstain from idolatrous practice.

Perek 18: Chizkiyoh 25 ruled for 29 years over Yehuda and he was righteous- ‘no one like him’. He removed all idolatry including the copper snake Moshe fashioned to stop the plague which was used for idolatry. He was successful in all his endeavours and overcame Ashur and the Pilishtim.  After 3 years, Shalmanesser (King of Ashur) captured the Shomron and exiled the inhabitants throughout Ashur. Sancheirev attacked  the fortified cities of Yehuda and seized  them. Chizkiyoh agreed with Sancheirev that he withdraw from the territory on condition he pays 300 pieces of silvers and 30 pieces of gold; this was the entire treasury of both the King and the Beis Hamikdosh and even remove the gold coating from the doors of the Beis Hamikdosh.  Nevertheless, Sancheirev sent Ravshokoh (alone, the other 2 messengers joined later according to Rashi) who criticised Chizkiyoh for relying on Egypt behind the back of Ashur. He derided Chizkiyoh that he had no support and that Hashem would not support them, as they served idols and they were following Hashem’s will by destroying the Jewish people. Ravshokoh delivered a speech in Hebrew so the average commoner could understand it so they would lose morale and emphasised the might of the Ashur army. He argued that Chizkiyoh was misleading the public saying that ‘Hashem will save us’ and we will have a prosperous future. He asked Chizkiyoh to surrender and thus be relocated to an ‘equally plentiful land’, but remain alive and urges them to halt resistance. The people did not answer him like Chizkiyoh commanded them, but Chizkiyoh’s most senior men came to Chizkiyoh with torn garments.

Perek 19: Chizkiyoh tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and commented that it was a distressing day for the Jewish people and told Yishayoh to beseech Hashem. Yeshaya sent a message to Chizkiyoh that Hashem urged the Jewish people not to be frightened as Ashur will be struck down. The army of Ashur had to retreat from the siege on Yerushalayim to fight the invaders from Tirhokoh. Ashur sent a spiteful message to Chizkiyoh belittling Hashem’s power of protection- “you have heard what we have done to all the lands with their Gods… will you be spared?” Chizkiyoh offered a heartfelt prayer to Hashem and begged to overcome Sancheirev and be saved. Yeshaya gave an optimistic prophecy that Hashem listened to Chizkiyoh’s prayer; he forecasted Sancheirev’s downfall and the Jewish people’s victory. Hashem mocks the haughty boasts of Sancheirev’s success in battle and reiterates that He brought them about. Hashem promises to wipe out the Ashur army and consequently the desolate fields will miraculously sprout crops for two years until the fields return to their former status. Hashem insists that Sancheirev will be unable to “fire an arrow” and He will protect Yerusholayim. Overnight an angel went into the camp of Ashur and killed 185,000 of their soldiers. Sancheirev travelled to Ninveh and was serving his idols (called Nisroch appears once in Tanach- it was the wooden boards from Noach’s ark; he believed they saved Noach) when he was murdered by his sons and another son, Eisar Chadon ruled in his stead.

Perek 20: Chizkiyoh became deathly ill and Yeshayoh told him that he would die; Chizkiyoh offered a prayer and wept to Hashem. Before Yeshayoh left the courtyard of the King’s palace and Hashem told him that Chizkiyoh would live for a further 15 years and would protect Yerushalayim from Ashur. Chizkiyoh asked for proof of this and on Chizkiyoh’s request, behold the sundial went back 10 degrees unnaturally. King Beroadach Balaadon of Bovel sent letters and a gift to Chizkiyoh when he had recovered from his illness. When Chizkiyoh recovered, he gave Beroadach Balaadon a tour round his treasury. Hashem scolded him for this and Yeshaya prophesised that in the future Bovel will take all of the Jewish people’s valuables and children to serve as officers in the palace of Bovel. Chizkiyoh accepted this as good and was relieved it would not apply immediately and there was time for repentance (Malbim). Chizkiyoh died and his son, Menashe ruled in his stead.

Perek 21: Menashe, 12 reigned for 55 years and did despicable evil. He rebuilt and served the idolatry including the Molech his father eradicated deliberately in order to anger Hashem. He placed an idol in the Beis Hamikdosh. Hashem delivered a clear, frightening warning that due to the evil of Menashe’s regime terrible things will befall the Jewish people. Yerusholayim will be destroyed; the remaining Jews will be wiped out and plundered by the enemy. Additionally, Menashe killed many innocent people, when he died his son, Ommon ruled. Ommon 22 reigned for 2 years and carried on in the abhorrent ways of his father. His servants assassinated him and Yoshiyoh was appointed as the next King of Yehuda.

Perek 22: Yoshiyoh aged just 8 ruled for 31 years and he follow in the way of Hashem (some say throughout his entire life, other say only once he saw the Sefer Torah). He instructed that all donations to the Beis Hamikdosh should be given to the labourers. Chilkiyoh the Kohen Gadol found a Sefer Torah and gave it to Yoshiyoh who read it; he tore his garments as he understood that all their suffering was because they did not follow the Torah and angered Hashem. Chuldah, a prophetess delivered a stark warning that due to the continued idolatry, Hashem’s anger was ignited and would not be extinguished. Nevertheless, due to Yoshiyoh’s sincerity, he would not live to witness the impending suffering.

Perek 23: Yoshiyoh gathered all the people to the Beis Hamikdosh and read from the Sefer Torah they found and the people made a covenant with Hashem to follow in the Torah’s ways. They eradicated all idolatry and they burnt all idolatrous objects, temples, the Molech and Asheroh trees. Additionally, one god was the sun and they used to serve it with a procession of horses and carriages (Radak). Yoshiyoh destroyed the chariots, but left the horses alive, as living things should not be destroyed even if they have been used for idolatry (Malbim). Finally, the altar of Yerovom was destroyed. The graves of the founders of widespread idolatry were dug up and their bodies burnt, however the grave of the genuine prophet and false prophet (Malachim Alef 13) was spared. After this mission was completed and all witchcraft was also removed, Yoshiyoh commanded that the Korban Pesach be offered publically. Despite Yoshiyoh’s righteousness, Hashem’s anger had not abated from the previous sins of Menashe and decided that Yehuda particularly Yerushalayim and the Beis Hamikdosh will be destroyed. Pharaoh Necho the King of Egypt fought against Ashur and the Jewish people defended Ashur. Yoshiyoh was killed by the Pharaoh in Megiddo at only 39. The people appointed his son Yehoaochoz who ruled for 3 months at just 23 years of age, but was evil in the eyes of Hashem. Necho imprisoned Yehoaochoz and appointed his older brother Yoshiyoh instead and changed his name to Yehoyokim. Yehoaochoz died in Egypt and Necho imposed an excessive tax upon the Jewish people. Yehoyokim 25 ruled for 11 years over Yehuda and behaved in an evil manner. He imposed a tax for each man according to his means.

Perek 24: Nevuchadnetzar, King of Bovel invaded Israel and Yehoyokim followed his commands for 3 years, but then rebelled. Hashem sent Chaldeans (Babylonian Savages), Aram, Moav and Ammon against the Jewish people as recompense for the sins of Menashe. Yehoyokim died and his son Yehoyochin, 18 ruled in his stead for 3 months, but carried on the evil of his father. Egypt was conquered by the Babylonians as a punishment for killing Yoshiyoh in battle (Ralbag). Yerusholayim was under siege by the Babylonians, Yehoyokim, his family and senior generals went to meet the Babylonians and were captured and taken to Bovel. Nevuchadnetzar took the valuables from the Beis Hamikdosh and the King’s palace including Shlomo’s gold vessels. He exiled all the senior people and took the valuables from the Beis Hamikdosh and the King’s palace including Shlomo’s gold vessels. He exiled 8,000 of the senior people from Yerusholayim. Furthermore, he appointed Matanyoh (Yehoyochin’s uncle) as King and changed his name to Tzidkiyohu. Tzidkiyohu, 21 reigned for 11 years and did evil in the eyes of Hashem.

Perek 25: During the 9th year of Tzidkiyohu’s reign, Nevuchadnetzar besieged Yerusholayim for 30 months. The famine raged and on the 17th of Tamuz the wall was broken (not the 9th  as is written here- see Taanis 29a) Many soldiers deserted and fled for their lives and Tzidkiyohu also ran away, but was caught by the Chaldeans. They slaughtered Tzidkiyohu’s sons before him and then gouged out his eyes and brought him to Bovel in chains. On the 7th of Av, Nevuzaradon, Nevuchadnetzar’s chief executioner came to Yerusholayim and burnt it on two days later (according to Taanis 29a, although not clear from the Possukim here). He scorched the Beis Hamikdosh, King’s Palace and all the buildings in Yerusholayim and they broke down the walls. Most of the Jewish inhabitants were exiled; however some of the poor workers remained to work the land. The vessels of the Beis Hamikdosh were carted off to Bovel and all senior Jews were killed. Nevuchadnetzar appointed a ruler over the Jews who worked in Yerusholayim named Gedalyoh and some of the Jewish generals came out of hiding. Gedalyoh urged the people to cooperate with the Babylonians so peace would continue to ensue. Gedalyoh was assassinated by Yishmael and ten men; the remaining Jews fled to Egypt. Yehoiyochin was released from prison and treated better by King Evil Merodach of Bovel than the other captured Kings.